Aktobe region

Aktobe region has advantageous geographical position at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. In the north of Aktobe region bordered by Russia in southern Uzbekistan. The total area of the region - 298,700 square meters. km

Aktobe region is the homeland for more than 50 representatives of various nationalities; population is more than 700 thousand people.

 

The region consists of: 12 administrative districts, 8 cities (Aktobe (Aktyubinsk), Alga, Jem, Kandyagash, Shubar-Kuduk, Khromtau, Chelkar, Emba), 4 urban-type settlement.

The population is 678,600 people,

population density - 2,3 pers. per km

Administrative divisions: There are 7 cities In the Aktobe region (1 large and 6 small), 3 small settlements, 12 villages, 468 villages and rural districts.

History: The administrative center of the Aktobe region is Aktobe city. Aktobe city arose on the site of ancient settlements and was founded on May 28, 1869 as a military fortification. In 1932, in connection with the formation of Aktobe region receives the status of the regional center. Modern Aktobe is one of the most prosperous centers of the Republic of Kazakhstan with great cultural and economic potential.

Climate: The climate is extremely continental: Winter is permanent with sustainable winter cut, the average January temperature is: -15-16 ? C. Summer is dry and hot, the average July temperature is: +22 +25 ? C Annual amount of precipitation 125 - 350 mm.

Minerals: Aktobe region has a unique mineral resource base. The region has gold, oil, gas, coal, chromite, phosphates, aluminum and nickel ores, rare metals, titanium, zirconium, huge stockpiles of construction materials: marble, gabbro, kaolin, chalk, cement and other raw materials.

Flora and fauna: North region is a zone of forest-steppes and steppes; in the south - the zone of semi-desert and desert. Nature is rich in flora and fauna. There are over 29 species of animals and 170 species of birds in Torgay Reserve. There are about 1,057 species of plants Aktobe region: Stipa, salt, tarragon, Haloxylon, bluegrass, bluegrass and other .61 species of plants listed in the Red Book of Kazakhstan, the 22 - attributed to the level of endemic relic species. Among them: Schrenk tulip, gladiolus imbricated, orchis helmet, cornflower and others. More than 50 species of medicinal plants are revealed.

Arts and Crafts: In the XVII-XX centuries in the region were different areas of arts and crafts of the Kazakhs, which developed on the basis of the best of ancient traditions, interacting with the cultures of peoples of adjacent regions.

Industry: Aktobe region is one of the major industrialized regions of Kazakhstan. The region is a powerful base for the ore mining, chemical, petroleum industry and engineering. More than 900 companies are involved in industrial production.

The prospects of socio-economic development of Aktobe region for the period of 2010-2020 Leading position in the industry of the area will continue to be on the oil industry and metallurgy due to high growth rates. Additional development will be in non-ferrous metallurgy. It is expected to develop the petrochemical and power industries in order to ensure the growing demands of the domestic market and to achieve energy independence, both through the use of own resources of the region, and by increasing the volume of transit through the creation of new capacities for transportation of electricity. In 2015 - an increase of marketable products for the whole industry with an average annual rate of growth relative to 2000, respectively for 5,7% and 6,7%. The share of manufacturing sector in total industrial output in 2015 will be about 36,9 - 44,2%, manufacturing output in comparison to the 2000 level will increase in 2,5 - 3,5 times. The largest share in the manufacturing industry will be in the food production and will be about 35.6 -39.3% in 2015. The share of iron and steel industry will amount 28,8-30,4%. In the engineering industry is expected to increase production in 4,7 times.

Building materials industry will be further developed. The main products will be the production of crushed stone, insulating materials.

In light industry, small and medium enterprises will be developed intensively.

Small and medium enterprises will be accelerated to develop the production of food.

Transport: The unique economic and geographic location of the region defined by the passage of major air, rail and highways connecting the states of Central Asia and Europe. Aktobe region is a major transportation hub with a transit specialization. Aktobe Station is one of the most important railway junctions in Western Kazakhstan.